Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic that comes under the class drug fluoroquinolones and is used for the treatment of bacterial infection. Ciprofloxacin is renowned for its prevention against anthrax exposure in air. Ciprofloxacin is sold in the market under different names depending upon the country they are marketed in. In Canada, USA and UK, ciprofloxacin is sold as Proquin, Prociflor, Baycip, Ciproxin, Ciloxan, Cipro, Cipro XR, Cipro XL and Ciflox. Whereas, in India and Russia it can be found under the drug name, Ciprex. It is also sold as a generic drug. In Spain the drug is known as Cetraxal. Ciprofloxacin is also used by Veterinary doctors in certain cases. Ciprofloxacin must be taken with precaution and only under the advice of a highly qualified medical expert.
Usage for ciprofloxacin
Ciprofloxacin is basically used for almost all kinds of bacterial infections occurring in the skin, bone, ear, blood, lungs, throat, stomach and urinary tract, among others. Moreover, Ciprofloxacin is generally and commonly used for the treatment of HIV as it is capable of killing any bacterial infection. It has to be understood that ciprofloxacin cannot be used to treat flu or any other cold related infections. Also, Ciprofloxacin should only be prescribed to patients above 18 years and not below it.
How to use ciprofloxacin
It is always important to consult a medical expert or a qualified practitioner before using the drug. Ciprofloxacin comes in the form of a tablet. It is best taken on empty stomach, preferably with water. Incase you take the medicine in the form of suspension; then, shake the bottle well before consuming it. Suspension is a term when the medicine is mixed with water and the substance in the medicine remains insoluble. The granules within the water have to be shaken well so that they do not remain at the bottom.
Before starting the medication, it is a must that you inform the doctor or the pharmacist about any substance that you are or may be allergic to. The pharmacist can then let you know if that substance is present in the brand of ciprofloxacin that you have been prescribed.
Apart from that, it is important to mention any herbal medicine or nutritional products or any kind of vitamins that you may be using at the moment or are planning to use later. This is so because ciprofloxacin is a very reactive medicine and does not usually work well when used with others. In such cases the doctor will need to monitor closely your daily progress and accordingly provide you with the dosage.
Besides that, ciprofloxacin is reactive with magnesium and aluminum antacids, calcium, zinc, other vitamins, iron, didanosine and sucralfate. An adequate amount of gap must be given before taking ciprofloxacin to avoid serious consequences.
Ciprofloxacin does not go well with alcohol. Ciprofloxacin kills all bacteria while alcohol tends to interfere in that process. It is therefore advised not to indulge in smoking and consuming alcohol during the time that one is on medication for ciprofloxacin. A caffeine substance also needs to be avoided altogether.
Once the treatment is undertaken, continue to use the medicine in accordance with the prescription given by the doctor or the pharmacist. There is no replacement for ciprofloxacin drug. Patients should stick to the kind of ciprofloxacin drug that the doctor prescribes. The course for the medicine should not be left incomplete, even if the patient feels a major improvement. Chances are that it may surface again, causing further complications. Ciprofloxacin side effects are present and can vary from patient to patient. It is also very important to notify the doctor in case the patient is planning on getting pregnant.
Side effects of ciprofloxacin
Like any other major drug ciprofloxacin also has certain side effects which can turn ugly if they are not informed to the doctor in time. It is therefore important to always carry your medical file containing the history of your ailments and the treatments taken for them for your first appointment. Some of the usual Ciprofloxacin side effects that are considered normal are-
Usage of ciprofloxacin causes the skin to be over sensitive to sunlight. Proper precautions and measures like wearing long sleeves, putting on sun glasses and sun screen lotion must be taken.
Other side effects of ciprofloxacin
Ciprofloxacin intake has to be monitored and in case there are some major issues or if the list of ciprofloxacin side effects listed below does not stop; then, consult the doctor immediately.
• Persistent headache and fever
• Nausea and smell of chemical
• Complain of chest pain
• Severe diarrhea
• Major rashes
• Swelling of body parts like face, hand, etc.
• Continuing dizziness
• Problem in breathing
• Irregular heartbeats
• Lose of energy
• Unusual bleeding
• Lose of appetite
• Joint or muscle pain
• Change in skin color
• Change in urine color
• Tendency to nightmare and hallucination
• Suicidal tendencies
• Sleep apnea
• Uncontrollable body shakes
• Feeling of alienation
Ciprofloxacin, when prescribed to children and elderly must be done with utmost precaution, since their chances of being prone to ciprofloxacin side effect is greater. Ciprofloxacin is not broken is lungs. They remain as a solid substance. Ciprofloxacin is known for its high risk in causing tendinities and tendon rapture, in the long run even after the medication is over. There have been reports regarding permanent loss of vision and hearing. Excessive use of ciprofloxacin also causes damage to the lungs. The psychotic conditions can get severe and alarming during the term of treatment using ciprofloxacin.
How to deal with the side effects of ciprofloxacin
Due to its adverse side effects ciprofloxacin is sold with an IMPORTANT WARNING that you’ll see on all packages. The side effects of ciprofloxacin can be very unpredictable. Before starting the medication, every patient needs to be cautioned and told not to try treating themselves for any side effects that they may get during the treatment. Once they notice the persistent pain and irritation, the patient’s must immediately contact their doctor’s or any qualified practitioner for advice. Trying to treat one-self could increase the risk factor further. The doctor’s on the other hand have a tool to monitor the seriousness of the side effect and can stop the present medication of ciprofloxacin and start the reverse treatment immediately. Ciprofloxacin has the tendency to reduce the effects of other drugs.
In case of an overdose of ciprofloxacin, doctors can perform stomach pumping, better known as gastric lavage or give medications to remove the overdosed ciprofloxacin from inside the stomach so that the patient can throw up or vomit out the medicine. Also the reactive substances like aluminum and magnesium antacids can now be used for working against the effects of ciprofloxacin. Removing the ciprofloxacin from the body is not the end of an overdose of ciprofloxacin. The patient has to be constantly kept under monitor so that the progress can be checked for any reaction that may occur due to the usage of one substance against another.
Background on ciprofloxacin
The side effects of ciprofloxacin are a constant concern for the pharmacist’s and physicists in prescribing ciprofloxacin to any patient. The result can be severe. While some decades ago ciprofloxacin was considered a break-through in prevention of urinal infection and controlling diarrhea, after the signs of adverse side effects surfaced, its usage is kept minimal.
A.G. Bayer, originally from Germany, was the first person to introduce the drug in 1987. After its approval from US FDA in the same year, the sale for the drug rose. In 2008 its sale went as high as $242 million. The brand name under which Bayer markets the drug ciprofloxacin is Cipro.
Bayer explains how ciprofloxacin works in this simple term.
…It slows down the bacterial and nuclear DNA fusion, so that the bacterium rapidly dies. The goal is the enzyme, i.e. DNA gyrase (Topoisomerase II) that is responsible for the uncoiling and super coiling of the DNA. The super coiling in the DNA permits the extended DNA molecules to fit in the cells. The Uncoiling of the makeup is the initiative direction for transcription, replication and the DNA repair. Thus, extended inhibition will sooner or later lead to death of cells.
Complaints and lawsuits have become an issue. Reports from patients, who have been victims to the adverse ciprofloxacin side effects, due to the usage of ciprofloxacin, began to fill in. That caused bad publicity.
Ciprofloxacin is a powerful form of drug and therefore it should only be taken under a prescription from an expert medical practitioner and as according to the doses he/she has prescribed.
It is always good to find out more about the treatment and the medicines that involves the treatment. This also stops one from taking any hasty relief treatments by themselves. Always listen to your doctor and physicist. In case of doubts always ask questions. Keep prescription and records of treatment safely for future purpose. Always keep your doctor or physicist’s number at hand.
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