If you think that you may be suffering from a fibroma, then you may have some questions that you want answers to. First off, a fibroma is a tumor-like growth that is benign and made up of mostly connective or fibrous tissue. Tumor-like growths such as these tend to develop when uncontrolled cell growth occurs as the result of injury, local irritation, or for some other unknown reason. These growths can form anywhere in your body and usually will not require any medical treatment or surgical removal. They can also occur in males and females and people in any age group, although they are most commonly seen in adults.
The most commonly seen types of fibroma are dermatofibromas (benign skin growths), plantar fibromas (found in the arch of the foot and commonly in children), angiofibromas (small papules across a person’s nose and cheeks that contains fibrous tissues), and oral fibromas. A dermatofibroma is a round growth that is most commonly found in a person’s legs and can range in color from red/purple to flesh-colored. They are harmless, feel like hard lumps under the skin, rarely malignant, and are usually best left alone. Plantar fibromas are fibrous knots or nodules that are embedded in the plantar fascia in the arch of a person’s foot. The plantar fascia is a band of tissue that extends from a person’s heel to toes on the bottom of their foot that supports their muscle. Much like dermatofibromas, a plantar fibroma is typically nonmalignant, or benign. Neither plantar fibroma nor dermatofibroma are life threatening or serious. If your fibroma is causing you concern or becomes persistent then you should seek prompt medical care from your licensed family doctor.
What Causes Fibromas to Form?
Although the causes of fibroma are still unknown, some researchers believe that dermatofibroma are sometimes formed after minor injury and that plantar fibroma may have some sort of genetic linking component. There are still no fully proven risk factors associated with fibromas but some suspected factors are having Northern European ancestry, a family history of fibroma, and minor injuries to your feet or skin.
What Are The Symptoms of Fibromas?
With dermatofibroma the main symptom is the presence of the small growth that can sometimes, but not always, be tender to the touch. It can also sometimes be sensitive and can change in color. Since it is a raised area on your skin it can also be irritated by shaving or by clothing and can sometimes bleed if the skin around the fibroma is damaged. The main symptom of a plantar fibroma is a lump that is firm to the touch in the arch of a person’s foot that can often be painful. The pain is usually caused by standing, walking, or pressure from a person’s shoes. This all depends on the location of the fibroma on a person’s foot. The symptoms related to fibromas can come and go, and symptoms that are not necessarily severe include:
- A small lump with raised surface
- Sensitivity to touch in affected area
- Changing color over time
- Occasional tenderness
- Possible bleeding with irritation or injury
- Spreading with additional fibromas over extended period of time
- Enlargement over extended period of time